Figure 13.1: Proportion of 16 to 65 year-olds who are in paid employment who are in managerial or professional positions by social background using parent's occupational group, 1991-95 to 2009-12 (1,2)
Source: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, British Household Panel Survey/Understanding Society Survey
More advantaged groups are those where either parent was employed in managerial or professional positions. Less advantaged groups are those where either parent was in intermediate, manual or routine occupations or unemployed. This is based on the National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification (NS-SEC).
Figures for 2009–2012 use the UKHLS measure and are not directly comparable to figures for earlier years, which use the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) measure.