We analyse the characteristics of residents in communal establishments in 2011. Types of communal establishments include: hospitals, care homes, prisons, defence bases, boarding schools and student halls of residence. Characteristics include demographic and geographical analyses at national, regional and local levels. In 2011, communal establishment residents represented 1.7% of all usual residents in England and Wales. This was an increase from 1.6% in 2001. Males increased by 15% over this period, compared with just 4.2% for females.